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Water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) spending

MDG Target 7This analysis is based on the latest trends analysis of GSW data in the GSW 2015 report

MDG target 7.C is to halve the proportion of the population without sustainable access to safe drinking water and basic sanitation. Between 1990 and 2012, 2.3 billion people have gained access to an improved water source, and the water target was met in 2010 globally (though not in Sub-Saharan Africa). But sanitation is one of the most off track of all MDGs: 2.4 billion people will not have access to adequate sanitation at the end of 2015, virtually the same number as in 1990, and a total of one third of the population. Inadequate progress here has also undermined progress on the health MDGs.

What does the latest GSW data on WASH show?

  • Only 10% of countries are meeting targets, spending averages less than 1% of GDP.
  • A majority of countries are reducing spending as a percentage of GDP.
  • Reaching universal access to WASH will require US$24 billion, plus more to ensure sustainable water management, and much better monitoring of spending for both purposes.
    • To read the WASH section of the report click herepdf.
    • To see what explains these trends, by understanding the financing behind them, including donor aid performance, click herepdf.
    • To see how accessible data are for this sector, click herepdf.