Water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) spending

MDG Target 7This analysis is based on the latest trends analysis of GSW data in the GSW 2015 report

MDG target 7.C is to halve the proportion of the population without sustainable access to safe drinking water and basic sanitation. Between 1990 and 2012, 2.3 billion people have gained access to an improved water source, and the water target was met in 2010 globally (though not in Sub-Saharan Africa). But sanitation is one of the most off track of all MDGs: 2.4 billion people will not have access to adequate sanitation at the end of 2015, virtually the same number as in 1990, and a total of one third of the population. Inadequate progress here has also undermined progress on the health MDGs.

What does the latest GSW data on WASH show?

  • Only 10% of countries are meeting targets, spending averages less than 1% of GDP.
  • A majority of countries are reducing spending as a percentage of GDP.
  • Reaching universal access to WASH will require US$24 billion, plus more to ensure sustainable water management, and much better monitoring of spending for both purposes.
    • To read the WASH section of the report click herepdf.
    • To see what explains these trends, by understanding the financing behind them, including donor aid performance, click herepdf.
    • To see how accessible data are for this sector, click herepdf.


WaterAid 'Keeping Promises' report

Keeping Promises - WaterAidWaterAid's 'Keeping Promises' report is a synthesis of five case studies produced by DFI on financing for the water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) sector in Ghana, Niger, Rwanda, Sierra Leone and Uganda. The report provides in-depth analysis of budgeting, spending and funding gaps on WASH and identifies bottlenecks that are common across the five countries.

To view the report and case studies please visit the WaterAid website.

Off-Track, Off-Target - Why Investment in Water, Sanitation and Hygiene is Not Reaching Those Who Need It Most

Off track reportThis report examines the current levels of government spending and aid going to water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) and why resources are not reaching the people who need them most. It finds that most countries have spending levels way below estimated needs or targets set regionally or globally, and that, among 28 countries reviewed, almost twice as many reduced allocations to WASH in 2009 and 2010 as a % of GDP. Donor funding is also insufficient, unpredictable and off-target. The report recommends key actions for national governments, donors, international agencies and civil society to break the vicious cycle and get off-track countries back on track to meet the MDGs.

Dowload the report