This analysis is based on the latest trends analysis of GSW data in the GSW 2015 report
MDG target 7.A is to integrate the principles of sustainable development into country policies and programmes and reverse the loss of environmental resources; target 7.B is to achieve, by 2010, a significant reduction in the rate of biodiversity loss. Although MDG7 has galvanised some political attention, bringing minor progress, degradation of ecosystems, unsustainable use of natural resources and loss of biodiversity have continued at an alarming rate since 1990s. In the last decade alone, 13 million hectares of forest have been lost worldwide each year.
Over the lifetime of the MDGs it has become increasingly clear that these targets are a weak reflection of the ambition necessary to address the environmental challenges facing the planet, provide too little clarity for governments to implement them, fail to cover linkages with other development goals, and target a narrow range of symptoms rather than underlying causes.
What does the latest GSW data show on the environment?
- The environment sector has no MDG financial targets, received less than 1% of spending, and the average is falling.
- The environment and climate change SDGs require US$261 billion more a year, and it is urgent to set targets and ensure all spending is “sustainability-compliant”.